Harlan, IA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Harlan, Iowa - Basic Facts

Real Estate Resources

The City of Harlan had a population of 4,939 as of July 1, 2017. Harlan ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Iowa. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Harlan is located at latitude 41.6495 and longitude -95.3269 in Shelby County. The formal boundaries for the City of Harlan (see map below) encompass a land area of 4.39 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Shelby County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 1,253 feet.

The City of Harlan (GNIS ID: 468007) has a C2 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place legally coextensive with a county subdivision but treated as independent of any county subdivision. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Harlan is located within , a minor civil division (MCD) of Shelby County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Harlan population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Harlan, IA Boundary Map

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Harlan, IA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 4,939
Daytime Population: Workers 3,816
Daytime Population: Residents 2,490
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 6,306
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.28
Population in Households 4,844
Population in Familes 3,776
Population in Group Qrtrs 95
Population Density2 1,125
Diversity Index3 14


Median Household Income $51,328
Average Household Income $63,109
Per Capita Income $27,144


Total Housing Units 2,409 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,572 (65.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 588 (24.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 249 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $125,054
Average Home Value $155,232


Total Households 2,160
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 1,340
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.46% -0.33%
Households -0.39% -0.29%
Families -0.01% -0.38%
Median Household Income   1.81%
Per Capita Income   2.29%

Harlan, IA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Harlan to the other 1,009 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Iowa by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 85 92nd
Population Density # 233 77th
Diversity Index # 315 69th
Median Household Income # 633 37th
Per Capita Income # 525 48th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Iowa Census Data Comparison Tool.

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