Elma, IA Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Elma, Iowa - Basic Facts

The City of Elma had a population of 556 as of July 1, 2015.

The primary coordinate point for Elma is located at latitude 43.2459 and longitude -92.4393 in Howard County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elma (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.29 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Howard County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 1,188 feet.

The City of Elma has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elma population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2015.

City of Elma, IA Boundary Map

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Also See: BIG Map | Driving Directions | IA Congressional Districts
Boundary Maps: Township of Afton | Howard County | Iowa Counties

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Elma, IA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2015)

POPULATION

Total Population 556
Population in Households 532
Population in Familes 438
Population in Group Qrtrs 24
Population Density1 432
Diversity Index2 10
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 245
Average Household Size 2.17
Family Households 160
Average Family Size 3

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 273 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 184 (67.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 61 (22.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 28 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $81,538
Average Home Value $109,103
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $38,471
Average Household Income $62,622
Per Capita Income $24,605
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)

GROWTH RATES

2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.35% 0.25%
Households 0.39% 0.24%
Families 2.3% 0.12%
Median Household Income   2.76%
Per Capita Income   3.08%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

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Elma, IA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elma to the other 1,009 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Iowa by rank and percentile using July 1, 2015 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 439 57th
Population Density1 # 691 32nd
Diversity Index2 # 413 60th
Median Household Income # 954 6th
Per Capita Income # 663 34th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Iowa Census Data Comparison Tool.