Elma, IA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elma, Iowa - Basic Facts

Real Estate Resources

The City of Elma had a population of 560 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Elma is located at latitude 43.2459 and longitude -92.4393 in Howard County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elma (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.29 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Howard County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 1,188 feet.

The City of Elma (GNIS ID: 2394669) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Elma is located within Township of Afton, a minor civil division (MCD) of Howard County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elma population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Elma, IA Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Afton | Howard County | Iowa Counties

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Elma, IA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 560
Population in Households 537
Population in Familes 443
Population in Group Qrtrs 23
Population Density1 435
Diversity Index2 8


Total Households 245
Average Household Size 2.19
Family Households 160
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 273 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 184 (67.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 61 (22.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 28 (10.3%)
Median Home Value $63,235
Average Home Value $117,391


Median Household Income $37,670
Average Household Income $57,805
Per Capita Income $22,486
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.41% 0.18%
Households 0.33% 0.08%
Families 1.93% 0.0%
Median Household Income   0.52%
Per Capita Income   1.89%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Elma, IA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elma to the other 1,009 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Iowa by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 440 56th
Population Density1 # 688 32nd
Diversity Index2 # 560 44th
Median Household Income # 974 4th
Per Capita Income # 902 11th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Iowa Census Data Comparison Tool.