Elgin, IA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elgin, Iowa - Basic Facts

The City of Elgin had a population of 655 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Elgin is located at latitude 42.9554 and longitude -91.6356 in Fayette County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elgin (see map below) encompass a land area of 0.66 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Fayette County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 814 feet.

The City of Elgin (GNIS ID: 2394643) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Elgin is located within Township of Pleasant Valley, a minor civil division (MCD) of Fayette County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elgin population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Elgin, IA Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Pleasant Valley | Fayette County | Iowa Counties

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Elgin, IA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 655
Population in Households 655
Population in Familes 504
Population in Group Qrtrs 0
Population Density1 990
Diversity Index2 7


Total Households 306
Average Household Size 2.14
Family Households 186
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 343 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 222 (64.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 84 (24.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 37 (10.8%)
Median Home Value $99,638
Average Home Value $123,879


Median Household Income $40,475
Average Household Income $49,811
Per Capita Income $23,069
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.67% -0.65%
Households -0.61% -0.66%
Families -0.42% -0.76%
Median Household Income   2.84%
Per Capita Income   1.97%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Elgin, IA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elgin to the other 1,009 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Iowa by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 404 60th
Population Density1 # 306 70th
Diversity Index2 # 707 31st
Median Household Income # 930 8th
Per Capita Income # 856 15th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Iowa Census Data Comparison Tool.

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